Economy

In terms of economy, the Silesian Voivodeship is one of the strongest in Poland. 12.4% of Poland’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generated here, giving the Voivodeship the second highest rank in Poland.   

The economic transformations going on in the region have resulted in a significant change in the structure of the gross added value (the newly produced value) generated in the region. The share of market and non-market services accounts for 56.7% and industry 34.6%, ranking Silesia first in Poland. 

The Silesian Voivodeship is rich in natural resources such as hard coal, deposits of zinc, lead, methane, natural gas, marlstone, chalkstone, and natural break-stone, as well as medicinal, thermal and mineral waters. The existing raw material base led to the creation of Poland’s one of largest industrial regions. 

Hard coal mining and iron and steel industry were undergoing deep restructuring. Reduced employment rate and improved efficiency are some of the effects brought by the transformations implemented in mining. Metallurgy, on the other hand, has been affected by essential changes in forms of ownership and management structure. The result is nearly complete privatisation of the industry. 

Parallel to the above transformations, also the entire fuel-energy system is under restructuring. Due to the high concentration of industry, the Silesian Voivodeship is one of the leading domestic electric power producers.

Now in the process of restructuring, traditional Silesian industrial branches were the basis on which branches connected with their operation were developed, that is, first of all engineering industry, equipped with appropriate machines and experienced staff. After the difficult transformations introduced in the first years of the nineties, the industry entered numerous foreign markets and now is a crucial element of the industrial landscape of the Voivodeship.   

Restructuring in the recent years has caused systematic changes in the economic structure of the Voivodeship. The whole industry reports a decreased share of mining and metallurgy, which until recently were predominant in the economy of the Voivodeship, and an increased share of the electro-engineering industry, the information technology industry, power industry and, reporting the most rapid growth, the automotive industry and food industry.   

Over 465 national economy entities are registered in the Silesian Voivodeship. The largest part is comprised of natural persons running a business activity and companies and commercial law partnerships. The least numerous is the group of state-owned enterprises.

Of the total number of economic entities, almost 96% operate in the private sector.